Protistology in Ukraine

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Dr. Igor V. Dovgal
The Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology
B. Khmelnitsky str. 15
252601 Kiev

The investigation of protists in Ukraine was started as early as in the middle of the 19th century by Leon S. Cienkowsky and Ilya I. Metschnikoff, whose tremendous scientific heritage was later continued and enlarged.
For almost 20 years, up to the collapse of the former USSR (1991), three Ukrainian divisions, located, respectively, in Kiev, Kharkov and Odessa, were affiliated with the former Soviet Society of Protozoologists. At present, no separate Ukrainian society of protozoologists has yet been organized. However, several scientists working in the above three towns seem to make a conventional center of protozoology in the country. In addition, some protozoological studies are carried out in towns Uzhgorod, Sumy and Sevastopol.

The majority of protistological studies are carried out in Kiev, the capital of the Ukraine, where several large institutes and universities are available.
The Institute of Hydrobiology: Dr. A.A. Nebrat investigates ciliates of the Dnieper River reservoirs. Parasitic ciliates of fresh-water crustaceans and mollusks are of interest of Drs. D.P. Kurandina and V.I. Yourishinets.
The I.I. Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology: Dr. E.G. Boschko studies loricate peritrichous ciliates of the Ukrainian fauna. Dr. N.A. Ovcharenko works with microsporidia of fishes and crustaceans. Dr. I.V. Dovgal is engaged in studying the fauna, ecology, systematic, evolution and phylogeny of sessile protists. His basic scientific interests concern Suctorea, Chonotrichia, Pilisuctorida, and Rhinchodia (Ciliophora).
The Taras Shevchenko National University: Dr. P.Ja. Kiloczycki investigates microsporidia of blood-sucking mosquitoes. The autotrophic protists are of particular interest of an algologist, Dr. I.Yu. Kostikov.
The N.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, the National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine: Studies into algology are carried out by Prof. N.P. Masyuk, who published several monographs, Prof. S. Wasser, Dr. P.M.Tsarenko, Dr. N.V. Kondratjeva and by Dr. A.F. Krakhmalny, whose studies on Dinophyta of the Ukraine (biodiversity, morphology, taxonomy, phylogeny and ecology) are well known.
The Ukrainian Institute of Epidemiology and Infectious Diseases: Dr. I.K. Lokteva with colleagues study in particular human intestinal parasites and human toxoplasmosis.
The Kiev National University of Agriculture: Dr. V.F. Galat is in particular a specialist in blood parasites of cattle.
The Institute of Geological Sciences: Dr. Yu. V. Vernigorova studies fauna both fossil and recent foraminifers.

In Odessa: there is a large Regional Center on Toxoplasmosis, well known all over the former Soviet Union.
Odessa Branch of the Institute of Biology of Southern Seas: Alexander Kurilov makes research into specific and ecological structure and spatial distribution of ciliates in marine coastal waters and estuaries; the energy flux within pelagic microbial food webs; quantitative and qualitative investigations of ciliate-dinoflagellate interactions; and "red tides". Ludmila Terenko and Galina Terenko investigate specific and ecological structure and spatial distribution of dinoflagellates and phytoplankton in marine coastal waters and estuaries; "bloom" and "red tides" and potentially harmful and toxic dinoflagellates.

In Kharkov: Kharkov National University: Dr. A.I. Bozhkov studies ciliate ecology and considering with use of ciliates in bioassays. Research in the field of algae biodiversity pursue Prof. T.V. Dogadina, Dr. O.S. Gorbulin and others. These data are applied in the regional ecological monitoring.

In Uzhgorod: Uzhgorod National University: Prof. A.A. Kovalchuk is a ciliate ecologist and hydrobiologist investigates the fauna, quantitative development and functional activity of free-living ciliates of the inland waters of Ukraine. Dr. Natalia Kovalchuk investigates testate amoebae of regional fauna.

In Sumy: Sumy State Pedagogical University: a group of ciliatologists (Drs. R.V. Babko, T.N. Kuzmina and V. Kravchenko) deals with ciliated protozoa in the epiphyton on the aquatic macrophytes.

In Sevastopol: The Institute of Biology of Southern Seas: the investigations of marine phytoplankton pursue in particular in Laboratory of Microplankton under the supervision of Dr. I.G. Polikarpov. The regional fauna of foraminifers is also of interest of the Institute specialists (O.V. Anikeeva).

This short account on the Ukrainian protistology is far from being full and will be gradually supplemented.

The works of the Ukrainian protistologists are published in both the Ukrainian scientific magazines ["Vestnik Zoologii" (Kiev), "Hydrobiological Journal" (Kiev), "Marine Ecology" (Sevastopol), "Algology" (Kiev)], and different Russian and International journals. Ukrainian specialists published several monographs on various protist groups and guides for their identification:

The list of people to contact. (grouped according to their research subjects):

General information and addresses of protozoologists summarized by Dr. Dovgal Igor V. The Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology. E-mail: . Web-site: .
Information on algologists represented by Dr. Krakhmalny Alexander. The N.G. Kholodny Institute of Botany, National Academy of Sciences of the Ukraine. E-mail: .